There has been a lot of talk around the industry that the ROI in link building is diminishing. Mainly because of the constant algorithmic updates (particularly Penguin) that strongly impact this marketing platform, as well as with the shift that Google wants to take on in revolutionizing its search.
However, I’m still one of those who won’t really believe that link building will soon be over as an effective medium that can help websites/brands earn more and win over their competitions on the web.
Let’s recap several advantages of link building and why it wouldn’t likely be extinct:
- It can drive referral traffic, especially if the links are contextual and placed on high-traffic and thematically relevant pages/content.
- Links and brand mentions help businesses become more authoritative and visible to their target audience (link building is more efficient as a branding tool).
- Links help sites (and web documents) in getting found and discovered, not just by search crawlers, but also by users.
- Links can also increase a website’s conversions.
- Link building still directly impacts a site’s ability to rank on search results.
I’ve handled sites that heavily relied on SEO/link building alone for the past few months – without the help of content marketing, social media and other traffic/lead generating channels – but were still able to produce tremendous results (bringing us closer to the business’ goals) in a short period of time.
Although we all know that it’s always best to have a diversified source of traffic, it’s given that it’s not the way how it works on other niches.
Perhaps that’s why I strongly believe in link building as a very significant process in this age of online marketing. It can still yield results – overwhelming results.
My thoughts on Penguin and the future of link building
What I really love about SEO, as a profession and an industry, is that it continues to challenge its practitioners. While search constantly enhances and evolves itself, it also tests and changes/improves our own views and principles along the process.
Let’s start digging in through few of my observations based on our team’s available data. Although, I’m sure that I’ll be updating many of the things that I’ll be mentioning in this post in the coming weeks.
Possible Google Penguin filters
Matt Cutts mentioned that the new version of Penguin – Penguin 2.0 – goes deeper on to the site’s inner pages (the links pointing to them), as the first Penguin mainly targeted homepages.
Some practitioners argue that this isn’t true, although our data somehow suggests that it is (which will be shared on the latter part of this post).
Below are the factors which I think Google Penguin 2.0 uses in determining a site’s degree of penalization – based on my initial assessment – listed in particular order (according to each factor’s weight).
- The quality of the link source. It’s easier for them to identify spammy websites or link networks these days (sites with Panda-prone content, contain tons of manipulative links, and have low user-engagement rate).
- Degree of penalty could be based on the ratio of # of bad vs. good links pointing to the site’s pages.
- Thematic relevance of the linking domain(s).
- Amount of links with exact match anchor text pointing to a page (over-optimization), as well as their positions in the linking pages (sitewide, footer, comment section, contextual, etc…). But these might only serve as supporting metrics for the first factor I mentioned.
Ratio of # of Bad vs. Good linking domains
I think that the degree of the penalty from Penguin 2.0 depends on the ratio of bad vs. good links pointing to a certain site, as I’ve seen a couple of the sites we’ve been handling that were mildly hit by the recent Penguin update.
For instance, the site with the stats I’ve shared above was also hit (by 27% loss in search traffic).
The site has only a few linking domains to it, since we’ve only focused on getting links from 3 high DA sites (through regular content contribution).
Though the problem is that several spammy sites have scraped the content we’ve published on one of the sites we’ve contributed to. So basically, the ratio of good and bad domains linking to the site is around 4:13.
If Penguin has devalued the other domains linking to the site, then this may have caused the slight decrease in search traffic (as the links are no longer passing ranking value to the site).
Another case is from a huge site we’ve been working on for months now that have thousands of great links, but also have a few hundreds of bad ones, specifically from:
- Scraped content hosted on spammy websites/content farms.
- Negative SEO.
- Directory links, articles and social profiles with exact match anchor texts (built by their previous SEO service provider).
This was slightly affected by the recent Penguin update, with 17% decrease in organic traffic.
The loss in traffic wasn’t that massive knowing that it has thousands of good links. Although, I will still need to observe it in the next few weeks to ensure if Penguin was really the reason behind its gradual loss in traffic (penalties usually have sudden drop and not gradual decline in search traffic).
The last one is from a small blog that I’ve been helping out in the last 4 months. We’ve managed to grow its search traffic by 500% in the first 3 months, but lost 38% of its organic traffic after the Penguin update last May 22, 2013.
The main reason was I didn’t check its historical link data, and just recently found dozens of spammy links pointing to its inner pages (from link networks) – which were built by the SEO he previously hired (early last year) – as I thought that the site was launched September last year.
Here’s a sample:
This site has less than a hundred linking domains, and the ratio of good vs. bad LRDs directing to it is around 20:45.
I believe that regaining its search traffic is still very doable, so as to the 2 other sites I’ve mentioned above.
In getting their search visibility back, the link development campaign should focus on three things:
- Build more quality links from trusted and relevant domains (have high DAs) to outnumber the bad links pointing to the site and its pages.
- Disavow links that you have no control of via Google Webmaster Tools (disavow tool).
- Try to remove low quality links (obvious spammy links) by contacting webmasters and requesting for link removal.
Diversity is crucial, but not a requirement
To make a site’s link building really diversified, it needs people (real people) to genuinely link to it. This means you need to really get out there and do remarkable things for people to talk about your brand (this is where content, relationships and other awesome stuff come in).
Artificial link building is promotional work, and no one is saying that it’s not allowed. Don’t forget that link building is also a marketing tool that can help your site get found (by your audience and search engines).
So if you’re going to use artificial link building methods (such as guest blogging, linker outreach, forum marketing, etc…), make sure that you can get the most out of them.
Consider these techniques as mediums to get more traffic and potential linkers to your site’s content, rather than just using them to draw signals to manipulate search rankings. Become more visible in few chosen communities where people are most-likely to share or link to your works.
You don’t need hundreds or thousands of unique LRDs
Number of unique linking root domains allows you to become more competitive in terms of having more ranking power in search results – that is what it was before.
But I think many have misinterpreted this, as many have disregarded the quality of the domains that they are trying to get links from (just to make their sites have more LRDs than their competitors).
I’d still choose and recommend having repetitive link acquisitions from a few chosen strong domains (that are entirely relevant to your site) than link dropping on hundreds/thousands.
Because this approach will make your link profile look more authoritative, based on the relationship that it’s building with other high authority domains in its field (think 5 solid contextual links from SEOmoz vs. 50 links from other not-so-popular SEO blogs).
As I’ve mentioned on the first sample website I’ve shared above, it has only 3 solid link source (in which we’ve continuously contributed content to), but the results were far greater than what most would expect.
Monthly link audit is imperative
You’ll never really know if you’re already a victim of negative SEO. Remember my mistake on the third sample site I’ve shared above? I forgot to dig deeper on its historical link data, and see where it got us.
If only I knew that it has dozens of spammy links (built by its previous SEO) before last week’s Penguin update, then I could have suggested earlier (few months back) to have those links removed or disavowed.
Another thing to consider in your link audits is measuring the impact of your existing links, and treating them as a part of your site’s assets (particularly those that are continuously sending referred traffic and conversions – as well as linking external pages that are ranking very well in search results).
Make these incoming links more powerful, by building 2nd-tier links to them.
Relevance and Context
Links are far more powerful when they are being clicked by users. It passes more trust and ranking power, based on the usage of the link, as well as the relationship between the linking page and the destination page of the link.
It’s easier to entice people into clicking a link when they are relevant to what readers/surfers are seeking for or interested in. Several factors that can increase clicks on links:
- Position of the link
- Length of anchor text
- Traffic of the linking page
- Context and sentiments of the texts surrounding the link
- Relevance of the content to the link’s destination page
Building more links that can attract referred traffic can definitely send out more positive signals about your site/brand, which impacts your site’s ability to rank better on search and convert more referred visitors.
Being a verified author (through authorship markups) and having a strong author portfolio (for AuthorRank) is more important than ever.
Verified authorship will amplify the strength of the links you are building and other authors are building for your site, since these citations/mentions are expected by search engines to be more credible and trustworthy – based on the level of trust that other people see in your author profile (from both social and web graph).
Image credit: The Evolution of Search by Tom Anthony
- Start growing your author portfolio both in and out of your site.
- Build relationships with other authors and publishers in your industry.
Anchor text – partial match, branded links and co-occurrence
I have always believed that the most important role of links (in SEO perspectives) is to mainly absorb and pass domain authority back to your site, for it to have more ranking power (making all of its indexed pages capable of ranking highly on search results).
Using descriptive anchor texts was – and is still – the best way to make search engines understand what the link’s destination page is all about.
Although many have abused this ranking factor in the past to manipulate search rankings (and up until now), Google is still able to use other methodologies to understand links – knowing that this is very important to them.
Some of the most efficient anchor text strategies that can help bring more value to your link development campaign are:
- Using partial-match anchor texts, rather than exact-match. This approach doesn’t just make your links look natural and diversified, but it also makes your links highly descriptive for both users and search crawlers.
- Build more branded links to your site, as this can still impact your site’s overall ranking ability, given that this type of link can pass domain authority and trust.
- Since Google is also applying phrase based indexing in their search algorithms, utilizing co-occurrence (placing generic keywords near linked or unlinked brand mentions) to help search engines determine and understand what your brand is about.
Link building is about building the right signals – to build trust.
Links are gateways to experience. And most of us know that great experience is what makes brands remarkable and it’s also the main thing that Google would really want to serve to their users.
Great links begin with great content/experience. And great content/experience over the web wouldn’t be accessible to people without links. That’s why link building will still and always be significant.
Link building is valuable, because it’s a part of a bigger process. SEO, branding, content marketing and traffic/lead generation are far more effective with links!
For more advanced link building tutorials, you may check out some of my other posts:
- 80/20 link building tactics
- 10 types of links that really matter and how to get them
- How to build hard-to-replicate links
- Conversion-oriented link building strategies
- Anti-Penguin link building
- Guide to scalable link building
- How to automate link building